Mexico – Tenochtitlan which means “in the navel of the Moon”, became the center of an empire that expanded its domains to Chiapas and Central America for more than 200 years, it even had innovative services, unknown in the old continent, such as drinking water and drainage. After the conquest, Mexico – Tenochtitlan became the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The new city was built on the remains of the indigenous city.
During the three centuries of viceregal rule, Mexico City became an outstanding center for the exchange of merchandise that came from both Europe and Asia. It also hosted the first printing press and the first university in the American Continet. It was considered one of the most impressive cities of its time. Most of the buildings in the Historic Center, the Alameda Central (the city’s first park), the Paseo de Bucareli and the traditional neighborhoods of Coyoacan, San Angel and Tlalpan date from this period.
Once the empire fell, Mexico City experienced a period of great economic development, thanks to the railroads, factories, and large businesses that to this day remain open in the downtown area. It is at this time when the city begins to spread in Colonia Guerrero, Santa Maria La Ribera and the current Tabacalera neighborhood as the seat of the emerging middle class.
To commemorate 100 years of independence, the construction of several buildings begins, among which the Postal Palace and the Palace of Fine Arts stand out, as well as the monumental axis of the Paseo de la Reforma, one of its most important monuments is the Angel of Independence. In contrast to the celebrations of the centennial of independence and due to the great social inequality, in 1910 the Mexican Revolution began.
In the thirties when the country returned to normality, the city experienced a great cultural effervescence that was manifested in the dozens of murals displayed on the walls of public institutions. At the same time, several areas of the city were consolidated, such as Colonia Condesa, Roma and Valle, and new subdivisions such as Polanco and Las Lomas de Chapultepec were created.
In 1952 Ciudad Universitaria was inaugurated. The Olympic Games are hosted in 1968, a first timer for a Spanish-speaking country. The Metro transport system was inaugurated in 1969, due to the need to mobilize the growing population. In 1970 CDMX hosted the World Soccer Championship, and then again in 1986.
Since 1987, the city has four UNESCO World Heritage sites: Historic Center of Mexico City (downtown area), Xochimilco, Casa Luis Barragan and Ciudad Universitaria.
Currently, Mexico City is administratively divided into 16 boroughs.